Safety in the Community "Community experience in Kenya"

Report on the crime and violence prevention project June 2011- June 2015

Over the last four years Usalama has implemented the crime and violence prevention project in Kenya in four communities; Mtwapa, Kagumo, Kisii and Eastleigh,The report highlights the setting up, implementation and impact of prevention experiences
in Kenya with selected case studies in each of the initiatives.

In the first year the secretariat was set up with initial contact building in the four communities. The Second and third year Usalama developed community safety models that would eventually be springboards for generating knowledge on how to grow and sustain crime and violence prevention schemes and partnerships. The fourth year mainly focused on piloting the community safety models in the community.

The report has four sections where the first section has the acknowledgments, executive summary and list of authors of the report. The second section summarizes the background of the project, policy contexts within which the project was implemented and how it shaped the implementation of safety audit and strategies as annexed. This section also highlights initiatives piloted, experiences and impact to crime and violence prevention in the communities. 

The third section reviews how Usalama showcased and managed its communication to both the internal, external and national stakeholders. It also encapsulates experiences in staff capacity building, financial systems auditing and monitoring & evaluation of the programme.

The fourth and last section summarizes the challenges faced and recommendations towards the next phase of the project and the annex. . The annex gives evidence and Impact of work done and how it’s has helped better focus the project on the achievements in the objectives as annexes.


Communities and their Police Stations

A Study Report of 21 Police Stations’ - December 2012

Between March and May 2012, Usalama Reforms Forum together with Chemonics-USAID pursued an assessment of 21 police stations throughout Kenya in order to understand the policing context in Kenya and highlight the need for reforms of Kenya’s police stations. This process was unique in the fact that Usalama looked at the challenges the police face in their own work space and the relationship between police and the community. The report and the documentary have been very influential in demonstrating the realities and needs of police stations.

Police Reforms Monitoring Project

The National Accord signed in February 2008 recognized urgent implementation of Police Reforms. The implementation of Reforms began on 8 January 2010 with the appointment of the Police Reforms Implementation Committee (PRIC). Usalama is engaged in a Police Reforms Monitoring Project to examine the implementation of Reforms. Several report chapters have been launched:

1st Report ‘Preparedness of the Police to Combat Insecurity and Crime’ - June 2012

This report assesses what has been achieved so far, the status of reforms, the work of the PRIC and the state of preparedness of the Police to combat increased security challenges.

2nd Report ‘Election Security Preparedness’ - January 2013

This report examines the state of preparedness of the security agencies including the NPS to deal with possible violence in 2013 General Elections.

3rd and 4th Report – ‘Progress of implementation of police reforms, impact of police laws and public perception of police reforms and the police vetting process’ - December 2013

This report shows that good progress has been made in the progress of over 60% of wide-ranging reform issues. However reforms are yet to reach the grassroots. Only 15% of reforms tasks implemented so far have shown some significant impact in the communities.


5th report – Criminal intelligence and policing in Kenya – September 2014

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Upcoming reports:

Final report ‘A Decade of Police Reforms’ – 2014

The previous Police Reforms Monitoring Reports reviewed mainly parts of the police reform progress on specific issues like combat preparedness, election security and vetting. This final report takes into account the perspective the public has about how far the country has reached in terms of police reforms since 2003. Despite the fact that changes have taken place, the police have not been able to reduce crime across the country and corruption in the service is still high. Besides that, of the 50 billion yearly police budget, nearly 15-20% has been either irregularly spent or lost, which makes an estimated total of Ks150 billion.




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